The best way I found was to actually build node.js from source on the respective target arch and run “npm install” for the necessary modules, then tarring up the matching dirs and putting them into my snap package tree.
This is quite some effort !!!
I’m a lazy programmer and surely do not want do that every time I update the package. Luckily there are already binaries of node for all architectures in the Ubuntu archive and it is not to hard to make use of them to run npm install in a qemu-user-static chroot for all target arches and to automate the creation for the respective tarballs. As little bonus i thought it would be nice to have it automatically generate the proper snap execution environment in form of a service startup script (with properly set LD_LIBRARY_PATh etc) so you only need to point node to the to-execute .js file.
This brought me to write node-snapper, a tool that does exactly do the above. It makes it easy to just maintain the actual code I care about in a tree (the site itself and the packaging data for the snap). I leave the caring for node itself or for the modules to the archive, respectively the npm upstreams and just pull in their work as needed.
See https://launchpad.net/node-snapper for the upstream code.
To outline how node-snapper works I took some notes below how I roll the chatroom snap as an example.
First we create a work dir for our snap package.
ogra@anubis:~$ mkdir package
To create the nodejs and npm module setup for our snap package we use node-snapper, let’s branch this so we can use it later.
ogra@anubis:~$ bzr branch lp:node-snapper
Now we move into the package dir and let node-snapper create the tarballs with the “express”, “webrtc.io”, “webrtc.io-client” and “ws” node modules since chatroom makes use of all of them.
ogra@anubis:~$ cd package
ogra@anubis:~/package$ sudo ../node-snapper/node-snapper express webrtc.io webrtc.io-client ws
This created three files.
amd64-dir.tgz armhf-dir.tgz start-service.sh
We unpack the tarballs and remove them.
ogra@anubis:~/package$ tar xf amd64-dir.tgz
ogra@anubis:~/package$ tar xf armhf-dir.tgz
amd64 amd64-dir.tgz armhf armhf-dir.tgz start-service.sh
ogra@anubis:~/package$ rm *.tgz
amd64 armhf start-service.sh
… and branch the chatroom site and packaging code branch.
ogra@anubis:~/package$ bzr branch lp:~ogra/+junk/chatroom
ogra@anubis:~/package$ mv chatroom/* .
ogra@anubis:~/package$ rm -rf chatroom/
ogra@anubis:~/package$ ls site/
add.png cam_on.png expand.png fullscreen.png mute.png server.js unmute.png
cam_off.png collapse.png index.html script.js style.css webrtc.io.js
ogra@anubis:~/package$ ls meta/
icon.png icon.svg package.yaml readme.md
The file we want node to execute on startup is the server.js file in the “site” dir in our snap package. We edit start-service.sh so that the MY_EXECUTABLE variable looks like:
This is it, we are ready to roll a .snap package out of this
ogra@anubis:~/package$ cd ..
ogra@anubis:~$ snappy build package
Indeed we now want to test our snap package. I have a RPi2 running snappy at 192.168.2.57 with enabled developer mode, so I can easily use snappy-remote to install the package.
ogra@anubis:~$ snappy-remote --url=ssh://192.168.2.57 install chatroom.ogra_0.1-5_multi.snap
The service should start automatically. Opening chromium, pointing it to http://192.168.2.57:6565 and approving access to microphone and camera will now give us a Video chat (pointing an android phone to it at the same time enables you to talk to yourself while watching you from different angles😉 … note that the mute button is very helpful when doing this …)
I hope we will see some more node.js projects land in the snappy app store soon. A PPA with node-snapper to make it easier installable should be ready next week and if I see there is demand I will also push it to universe in the Ubuntu archive.
I hope you found that little howto helpful🙂